Silk is a spectacular, highly decorative fabric, often synonymous with luxury. It is valued by great fashion and interior designers alike. The techniques of producing silk have been known for over 5000 years. Its homeland is China, from whence it was brought to Europe via the legendary Silk Road. Today, however, it is produced in numerous countries including India.
Silk is a natural fibre of animal origin. It is obtained from the cocoons of mulberry silkworm or oak tussar moth larvae. Textiles made of silk fibres are usually shiny, airy, light, soft and pleasant to the touch.
Owing to its unique qualities silk has always been widely used in interior decoration. A special manufacturing process made it prohibitively expensive and extremely valuable. For centuries silk has been used for padding interior screens and for wall decoration.Silk is suitable for use in Roman, Austrian and Venetian blinds, curtains, lampshades or cushions. At present, many wallpaper manufacturers offer silk textile wallpapers in their product portfolios. They are very elegant, suitable for interiors in historical, glamour, eclectic or boho chic styles.
Advantages of silk
- It overwhelms with its unparalleled beauty.
- It has a beautiful, pearl shine.
- It is extremely pleasant to the touch.
- It is natural and environmentally friendly. Production of silk does not require any chemicals, so it is safe and suitable for allergy sufferers.
- It is not susceptible to static charging.
- It is highly hygroscopic, it absorbs moisture very well.
- It provides excellent thermal insulation. Similar to wool, it adapts to body temperature.
- It is inflammable. If on fire, it does not produce toxic fumes.
Disadvantages of silk
- It is delicate and requires proper care – washing in cold water (at about 30 °C) and using a mild detergent. It cannot be wrung out, as it is susceptible to fibre damage. Some silks, for example shantung, can be dry-cleaned only.
- It is sensitive to the sunlight, so it cannot be dried in the sun. Also, note that Roman blinds or curtains made of silk fade and lose their durability after a long exposure to natural light.
- It is not resistant to mould.
Silk in our collection
Shantung from Dekoma’s Indian Silk and Jedwab collections has been immensely popular over the years.
Shantung is named after the Chinese province where it was once produced. A characteristic feature of this fabric, made of raw yarns, are irregular bumps in the thread, which provide an interesting, natural texture. The Jedwab collection includes over 140 beautifully coloured fabrics. If you are concerned that the characteristic shantung texture will not suit your interior, choose the Yamir silk taffeta, which is smoother and more uniform.
What you should know when choosing silk for interior decoration:
If you want to enjoy the full beauty of silk for a long time, learn how to properly care for it.
There may be differences of shade between production batches. They result from the production technology employed and parameters of individual fibres. The shade of silk fibre also depends on the feed given to silkworms. If you would like to avoid colour differences, you should order fabric from a single production batch.
If yoy want to learn more, read:
Chruszczyńska J., Orlińska-Mianowska E., Tkaniny dekoracyjne. Przewodnik dla kolekcjonerów [Decorative textiles. Guide for collectors.], Warsaw 2009.